DR A.P.J ABDUL KALAM

                

The MISSILE MAN OF INDIA is one of the most progressive and innovative thinker of our time. In the political arena, full of corruption an self interest, he was beacon of hope throughout his tenure of President of India.

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 oct 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Naidu. He belonged to a middle class family. His father, Jainulabiddin Marakaya was a devolt Muslim. He rent out boats to a local fisherman to earn a living. Jainulabiddin was good friend of the hindu of that area. Rameswaram itself was well known for its famous Hindu shrines . Abul’s father was a very spiritual man, with great wisdom and generous nature. Although uneducated, Janulabiddin was well respected in the area. Abdul Kalam was very much influenced by his father’s views and always declared, self discipline and faith from his parents.

His mother, ASHIAMMA, had received a formal education and wished for her son to have the same benefit. Though the family could not afford a very affluent school for Abdul, he received a decent education. To support himself at school and to help with household expenses, young Abdul Kalam worked as a newspaper vendor, distributing newspaper to neighbourhood.

Abdul Kalam and his family lived in their ancestral home. Everyday, his mother would feed several poor people. Despite their meager income, they lived a reasonably comfortable life and did not lack food, clothing or medicines.

Abdul was difrent from rest of the family. He was a quiet, reserved boy,who love reading books. His basic learning came from the library where he used to spend hours reading.

After completing his primary education at Rameswaram , he went on to complete his secondary education at the Schwartz School , a missionary institute in Ramanathpuram . After the he enrolled in the St. Joseph’s College at the Trichy. It was the nearest college from home. There, h pursued a Bachelor’s degree in Science. At the time, there was a lack of awareness about the professional courses. Higher education merely meant going to college. And that was what Abdul Kalam did.

                         Abdul kalam became the first graduate in the family. His     brother hadn’t even finished schooling.

 Armed with a degree, Abdul Kalam went on to study aeronautical engineering at the Madra Institute of Technology (MIT). From MIT, he went to Bangalore and joined Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) as a trainee engineer.

    Now that, he was an aeronautical engineer, Kalam had two options. Both option would fulfill his long held dream of flyingHe could join Indian Air Force or DTD&P (Air)– the Directorate of technical Development and production. The latter was a division of the Ministry of Defence. He applied at the both places and called for interviews from each.

After attending the DTD&P interview at the Delhi, he went to Dehradun for the interview with AIR FORCE SELCTION BOARD. Sadly, he stood 9th in the rank of 25, whereas only eight officer would be finally selected. His chance to be a pilot lost, he was dejected.

Kalam visited Rishikesh to bathe in the Holy Ganga. There he met Swami Sivananda , a saint. He introduced himself to the the saint. When Abdul was asked why he was upset, he explained about the rejection by the Air Force. Sivananda then gave him valuable advice. He told him that his destiny did not include becoming a pilor and that he should get on with his life.

     Encouraged by him, Abdul Kalam returned to Delhi. Now he got an appointment order from DTD&P. He had been selected

And so Kalam joined the Technical Centre (Civil Aviation) of the DTD&P. He served in the position of Senior Scientific Assitant and he received a basic salary of Rs . 250 per month. He stopped thinking of his failure to become a pilot and focused on his work. He decided that if he could not fly airplanes, then at least he would make them airborne.

 In his first year at the Directorate, he achieved some good results on a design assignment on Supersonic aircraft. His director,  Dr. Neelakantan, praised him for his contribution. Soon after, he was sent to the Aircraft and Armament Testing Unit (A&ATU) at Kanpur to gain hands on experience in aircraft maintenance.

  After his stint at Kanpur, he returned to Delhi to find that he had been included in another project- the design of a DART target. From there on, he worked on many important projects, including Human Centrifuge, the vertical Takeoff and landing platform and the Hot Cockpit.

   Three years later, the Aeronautical Development Establishment or ADE was set up in Bangalore. Kalam was posted there. There too, he served as a senior scientific assistant. He headed a small team that developed a prototype hovercraft. The then Defence Minister Krishna Menon flew on in India’s first hovercraft and Abdul Kalam was at the control. Bur for various reasons, the project was not encouraged and soon came to a grinding halt.

  Perhaps, this was one of the reasons why he had moved out of ADE in 1962 and joined the Space programme. He joined the Indian Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR). This was soon to become the ISRO or the Indian Space Research Organization.Thus began his career in rocket and missile technology.

    At the ISRO, Kalam intiated the Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP) project. After working on the aerodynamics and design group, Kalam joined the Satellite Launch Vechile(SLV) team at Thumba , near Trivandrum. Very soon, he became the Project Director of SLV-3. He was responsible for carrying out the design, development, qualification and flight testing of 44 major sub system. The projet put Rohini, a scientific satellite, in the orbit July 1980.

  Kalam spent 19 fruitful years in ISRO. In 1981, he received the national award – Padma Bhushan- in recognition of his distinguished service of higher order to the nation.        

  Soon after, Kalam moved back into the Defence Research Complex at Kanchanbagh near Hyderabad. He was director of Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), a division Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). At that time, due to the shutdown of a major project, everyone in the lab was in low spirits. When Kalam arrived, he brought with him an informality and a purpose. He also refused for Director, and instead moved into one of the eight rooms in the Defence Labs Mess itself. For the next decade, he lived in a tiny bedroom with a small study attached to it.

   He headed the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme or IGMDP. This is India’s most successful research task till date. Under this programme, five major projects were kick started for the defence and technology.

 These five programs, to be completed in years, were NAG, and anti tank guided missile, Prithvi a surface to surface battlefield missile, Akash a swift, medium ranged surface to air missile, Trishul a quick reaction surface to air missile with a shorter range, and Agni an intermediate range ballistic missile. Agni was most powerful of them all.  

  Kalam selected five experienced Project Director to head each of the projects. He entrusted all the executives and financial power to them. He kept himself free for dealing with the crucial technology issues. From his experience with the SLV project, he realized the importance of teamwork and the sharing task with partner in the private and public sectors industries. So, his main task was to inspire and manage over 20 institutions and partner outside the DRDO. These ranged from large public and private sector supplier as well as small specialist firms that took up precision tasks.

   All the missiles mostly stuck to the schedule and were launched. Trishul was launched in 1985, Prithvi in 1988, Agni in 1989 and the rest in 1990. Their success proved India’s self reliance in defence. Agni’s launch, especially promoted India to an elite list of highly developed countries.

In 1988, Kalam set up the Research Centre Imarat (RCI). This was one of his biggest achievement durning the missile year. He received big funds from the government to build this modern centre. It was meant for work in advanced missile technologies. Not only is it equipped with state of the art facilities, it also ensures that every worker is given a comfort that fewother Research and Development institutions can match. In fact, the RCI even has a small farm that takes care of the food needs of the residents in the RCI quarters.

    In 1990, Kalam received the Padma Vibhushan India’s Second highest civilian honour.

 In 1992, having served ten years in the DRDL, Kalam went to New Delhi. He took over as Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister. Many felt that he was reluctant to enter to the political arena, but thanks to him, the missile programme ran smoothly into its final phase of production and execution.

As the head of DRDO in Delhi, Kalam was entrusted with many other major projects like the Arjun MBT and the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA). When questioned as to why India needs its own missiles, battle tanks or combat aircraft, Kalam’s standard response would be that ‘Strength respects Strenght’. His management practices have been put to use in these projects but they lack effective strategies.

   As the head of a vast network of laboratories, Kalam had worked on a wide range of activities- from avalanche control in Kashmir, water desalination kits for the Thar desert, world-class sonar Submarine finder for the latest warship or infrared night version goggles for the Indian Army.

   Seven years after the Padma Vibhushan, in 1997, Kalam received India’s highest civilian honor- the Bharat Ratna – in appreciation of the contributuion to the Indian Defence and science. Shorty after this, he got the Indira Gandhi award for National Integration.

    Kalam was happiest when he’s discussing the future of the technology with other scientists. Some of their futuristic plans include building an Air-breathing Hyperplane Spacecraft that would draw oxygen from the atmosphere. This would remove the neeed to carry oxygen from ground.

   Kalam, with his unique strategies, proved that with good funding, freedom from unnecessary red- tapism and a people centered management, India could make impressive defence products that arc of international standard.

    According to Kalam, India has the potential to develop in crucial areas like software, computer products and design, agriculture and food, aviation, defence research and chemical engineering, This, he believed, would lead to significant social and economic status for India.

     In November of 1999, Kalam was appointed Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India. He was given the rank of a cabinet minister. His main job was to advise on overall scientific development of the country on issues related to science and technology policy in different sectors. He was also to focus on technological self reliance and foreign collaboration.

    In 2000, Abdul Kalam received the ‘Lifetime Contributuion Award in Engineering 2000”.This was at the annual fuction of the Indian National Academy of Engineering in New Delhi. Kalam a speech stressing that engineering and technology should be used to help people living below the poverty line (BPL).

   He has also received other awards like Dr. Biren Roy Space Award, Om Prakash Basin Award and the Arya Bhatta Award. Dr Kalam was conferred with the degree of the Doctor of Science (D.Sc.Honoris-causa) by 28 universities.

   Kalam was the Chairman of the Technology Information, forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC). He drew up the Technology Vision 2020 Thesis. This was a plan to transform India from ‘developing’ to ‘developed’. He guided a number of home grown Technology Projects and other missions. He was also the Ex office Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C).

    The following years, Kalam quit his post as the Principal Scientific Advisor to the government. Some said that he left because he felt he had no executive authority. But Kalam was more interested in academics and in helping other scientists develop their research capabilities. And so, he joined as a professor in the Anna University, Chennai. He taught the subject of technology and Societal Transformation. His mission was to ignite young minds for national development by meeting high school students across the country.

    On July 25th, 2002, Abdul Kalam was sworn in as the President of India by the Chief Justice, B.N Kirpal. With the 21 gun Salute reverberating, Kalam took the oath in the name of God, in the Central Hall of Parliament.

    As President, he has made many significant contributuion to the India’s progress. The first 10 months salary to a charity.

        He firmly believed that India shoul attain self reliance in lot of fields, especially software needed for weapon system development.

A strict vegetarian and tectotaller (someone whos does not drink alcohol), Kalam never married. He loves Carnatic music and writes poetry in Tamil. Seventeen of his poems have been translated in to English and published in a book called My Journey, in 1994. He has also written other books- India 2020 : A vision for the New Millennium, Wings of Fire: An Autobiography, Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life and Ignited Minds.

        Kalam’s adivise to the youngster of today is to ‘Dream dream because dreams lead to thought and thought leads to action’. He believes that we, being a nation of a billion people, must think like a nation of a billion people. In other words, we must think big.

   The nation is filled with admirers of Abdul Kalam. Everywhere, there is a life that he has touched like king Midas. An example is the  9 years old Swarna, a polio victim, for whom Kalam designed an ultra lighteight artificial foot support. Disavbled children like her could now wer braces that weighed only 300 grams as against the original 3 kg metal ones.

  His term as President ended on July 25, 2007. Known as the Missile Man of India, the end of his Presidency came as a disappointment to the nation.

Now are great president our social thinker our great writer was death on 27 july 2015 it was great destories death very worst day of our India’s life

 

 

Kaushal.P.Singh

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